Literature Database G. Kasperek:
Literature list - ECOLOGY AND VEGETATION OF NEPAL

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This page contains an excerpt of my database, showing botanical and ecological literature on Nepal and surrounding countries. The list is sorted alphabetically by first author, and contains about 1100 citations (july 2000). If you would like to see your own papers on Nepal in this list, please send me offprints.


A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
ABUL-FATIH, H.A., BAZZAZ, F.A. & HUNT, R. (1979): The biology of Ambrosia trifida L.. III. Growth and biomass allocation. In: New Phytologist 83: 829-838.
ADAMS, R.P. & TURUSPEKOV, Y. (1998): Taxonomic reassessment of some Central Asian and Himalayan scale-leaved taxa of Juniperus (Cupressaceae) supported by random amplification of polymorphic DNA. In: Taxon 47: 75-83.
ADHIKARI, B.S., RIKHARI, H.C., RAWAT, Y.S. & SINGH, S.P. (1991): High altitude forest: composition, diversity and profile structure in a part of Kumaun Himalaya. In: Tropical Ecology 32: 86-97.
AGACHANJANC, O.E. (1980): Die geographischen Ursachen fuer die Lueckenhaftigkeit der Flora in den Gebirgen Mittelasiens. In: Peterm. Geogr. Mitt. 124: 47-52.
AGARWAL, K.L. (1940): Artificial regeneration of fire-burnt areas with deodar. In: Indian For. 67: 361-363.
AGARWAL, S.C. (1959): Grasslands of Chakrata Forest Division, Dehradun District. In: Indian For. 89: 659-662.
AHMAD, B. (1936): A study of the forest types of chir (Pinus longifolia) in Hazara, NWFP. In: Indian For. 62: 52-65.
AHMED, A.T.A. (1996): Biodiversity in aquatic environment: Bangladesh. In: Jha, P.K. et al. (eds.): Environment and biodiversity in the context of South Asia. Proceedings of the Regional Conference, March 7-9, 1994, Kathmandu: 172-175.
AHMED, M. (1988): Plant communities of some northern temperate forests of Pakistan. In: Pakistan J. Forestry 38: 33-40.
AHMEDULLAH, M. & NAYAR, P.M. (1987): Endemic plants of the indian region. Vol. 1: Peninsular Flora. 263 pp.. (Flora of India, Series IV.)
AHRENDT, L.W.R. (1956): Resultats des expeditions scientifiques Genevoises au Nepal en 1952 et 1954. Partie Botanique: Berberidaceae. In: Candollea 15: 153-155. Geneva.
AKHANI, H. (1996): A new species and a synonym in Chenopodiaceae from Iran. In: Sendtnera 3: 5-10.
AKIYAMA, S. & OHBA, H. (1988): Taxonomy of Lespedeza formosa (Vogel) Koehne. In: Ohba, H. & Malla, S.B. (eds.): The Himalayan plants, Vol. 1: 217-229. Tokyo (University of Tokyo Press).
AKIYAMA, S., OHBA, H. & WAKABAYASHI, M. (1991): Taxonomic notes of the east himalayan species of Impatiens. Taxonomic studies of himalayan Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) (1). In: Ohba, H. & Malla, S.B. (eds.): The Himalayan plants, Vol. 2: 67-94. Tokyo (University of Tokyo Press).
ALBURY, S.D. & SMITH, G.F. (1970): Numeration of specimens collected in the Thakkola region of Central Nepal ... [Typoskript, BM (NH) General Herbarium.] London (British Museum).
ALI, S.I. (1959): Revision of the genus Oxytropis from W. Pakistan and NW. Himalayas. In: Phyton 8: 49-61.
ALI, S.I. (1961): Revision of the genus Astragalus from West Pakistan and NW. Himalayas. In: Biologia 7 (1): 7-92.
ALI, S.I. (1965): Revision of the geus Caragana Lam. from West Pakistan and NW. Himalayas. In: Karachi Univ. Studies 2 (3): 29-47.
ALI, S.I. (1978): The flora of Pakistan, some general and analytical remarks. In: Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 36: 427-439.
ALIROL, P., DOBREMEZ, J.F., MAIRE, A., TOFFIN, G. & YON, B. (1975): Carte ecologique du Nepal. V. Ankhu Khola - Trisuli 1:50.000. (Cahiers Nepalais 8.) Paris (CNRS).
ALLAHABAKSH, K.S. (1932): Control measures for the protection of regeneration of Pinus longifolia. In: Indian For. 58: 369-387.
ALLEN, N.J. (1976): Sherpa kinship terminology in diachronic perspective. In: Man, N.S. 11: 369-387.
ALSTON, A.H.G. & BONNER, C.E.B. (1956): Resultats des expeditions scientifiques Genevoises au Nepal en 1952 et 1954. Partie Botanique: Pteridophyta. In: Candollea 15: 193-220. Geneva.
AMATYA, S.L. (1968): Agricultural crops and their distribution in Nepal. In: The Himalayan Review, 21st International Geographic Congress, Special Issue: 32-41 + 2 maps.
ANAND, R.K. & SHRIVASTAVA, R.B. (1994): Ethnopharmacological study of Adiantum lunulatum Burm. f.. In: Indian Fern Journal 11: 137-141.
ANDERSON, T. (1868/71): An enumeration of the palms of Sikkim-Tibet frontier. In: Kew Bulletin: 297-315. London.
ANNAPURNA, C. & SINGH, J.S. (1999): Biodiversity of savanna and grassland ecosystems: a conceptual overview. In: Tandon, R.K. & Prithipalsingh, X. (eds.): Biodiversity, taxonomy, and ecology (Dakshini Festschrift): 33-54. Jodhpur (Scientific Publishers).
ANONYMUS (1981): Keys to the pteridophytes, gymnosperms & monocotyledonous genera of Nepal. 90 pp.. Kathmandu (Dept. Med. Plants).
ANONYMUS (?) (1985): Type collections in the Central National Herbarium (India). 65 pp.
anonymus ? (1966 ?): The vegetation of Central Tibet. Complete translation of the chinese language publication "......", June 1966. 71 pp..
ANONYMUS ? (in press): Flora of India, Vol. 6: Leguminosae, Part 1.
ANONYMUS ? (in press): Flora of India, Vol. 5: Olacaceae - Connaraceae.
ARNBERGER, E. (1970): Die Kartographie im Alpenverein. (Wissenschaftliche Alpenvereinshefte, hrsg. vom Deutschen Alpenverein und vom Oesterreichischen Alpenverein, Heft 22.) Muenchen, Innsbruck.
ARVIND KUMAR & PANIGRAHI, G. ("1989"): Two new species of Cotoneaster MEDIC. (Rosaceae) from the Himalaya. In: Bull. Bot. Survey of India 31: 108-113.
ARYAL, B., GIRI, A., SHRESTHA, K.K., GHIMIRE, S.K. & JHA, P.K. (1999): Vegetation analysis of Shorea robusta forests in the Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal. In: Bangladesh Journal of Botany 28: 35-46.
ASCHOFF, J.C. (1992): Tibet, Nepal und der Kulturraum des Himalayas (mit Ladakh, Sikkim und Bhutan). Kommentierte Bibliographie deutschsprachiger Buecher und Aufsaetze 1627-1990 (Aufsaetze -1900). 477 S. Dietikon.
ASWAL, B.S. & MEHROTRA, B.N. (1994): Flora of Lahaul-Spiti. A cold desert in the North West Himalaya. 761 pp.. Dehra Dun (Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh).
AUTORENKOLLEKTIV (1980): An enumeration of the vascular plants of Xizang (Tibet) [in chinese, with english foreword and latin nomenclature]. 463 pp.. Beijing.
AWASTHI, D.D. (1965): Catalogue of the lichens from India, Nepal, Pakistan and Ceylon. 137 pp.. (Beihefte Nova Hedwigia 17.)
AWASTHI, D.D. (1988): A key to the macrolichens of India and Nepal. In: J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 65: 207-302.
AXELSON, H.G. (1977): The Sherpas in the Solu District. In: Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab Historisk-filo- sofiske Meddelelser 47(7): 1-71.

... top of page: G. Kasperek's literature list - Ecology and vegetation of Nepal


BAEHNI, G. (1956): Resultats des expeditions scientifiques Genevoises au Nepal en 1952 et 1954. Partie Botanique: Cruciferae. In: Candollea 15: 149-151. Geneva.
BAITULIN, I.O. (1996): Appraisal of the biodiversity of Central Asia from the viewpoint of combatting desertification. In: Problems of Desert Development 2: 57-64.
BAJRACHARYA, D. (1983): Fuel, Food or Forest? Dilemmas in a Nepali Village. In: World Development, Vol. 11, No. 12: 1057-1074.
BANERJI, J. (1948): The Tamur Valley expedition. In: Indian For. 74: 94-101. Dehra Dun.
BANERJI, M.L. (1952): Observations on the distribution of Gymnosperms in eastern Nepal. In: J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 51: 156-159. Bombay.
BANERJI, M.L. (1955): On the distribution of Rhododendrons in Nepal. In: Sci. & Cult. 20: 92-93. Calcutta.
BANERJI, M.L. (1955): Some edible and medicinal plants from East Nepal. In: J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 53: 153-155. Bombay.
BANERJI, M.L. (1957): General features of the low and middle hills of east Nepal. In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. 36 (Symposium "Vegetation types of India"): 588. Bangalore.
BANERJI, M.L. (1958): Botanical explorations in East Nepal. In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. 55: 243-288. Bangalore.
BANERJI, M.L. (1958): Invasion of Eupatorium glandulosum H. B. & K. in East Nepal. In: Bulletin of the Botanical Society, University of Saugar (India) 10 (1-2): 14-18.
BANERJI, M.L. (1963): Outline of Nepal phytogeography. In: Vegetatio 11: 288-296. The Hague.
BANERJI, M.L. (1964): Some salient features of East Nepal vegetation. In: Candollea 19: 215-219. Geneva.
BANERJI, M.L. (1965): Contributions to the flora of East Nepal. In: Rec. Bot. Survey of India 19 (2): 1-90.
BANERJI, M.L. (1972): A collection of ferns from eastern Nepal. In: Candollea 27: 265-281.
BANERJI, M.L. (1973): Nepal: its forests and phytogeography. In: Glimpses in Plant Research 1: 182-205.
BANERJI, M.L. & PRABHA PRADHAN (1984): The orchids of Nepal Himalaya. 534 pp..
BANERJI, M.L. & SITESH DAS (1971): Acers in Nepal. In: Indian For. 97: 243-250.
BARNARDI, L. (1962/63): Resultats des expeditions scientifiques Genevoises au Nepal en 1952 et 1954. Partie Botanique. In: Candollea 18: 244-283. Geneva.
BARNETT, T.P., DUEMENIL, L., SCHLESE, U. & ROECKNER, E. (1988): The effect of Eurasian snow cover on global climate. In: Science 239: 504-507.
BARROW, M.D., COSTIN, A.B. & LAKE, P. (1968): Cyclic changes in an australian Fjaeldmark community. In: Journal of Ecology 56: 89-96.
BARTZ, F. (1935): Das Tierleben Tibets und des Himalaya-Gebirges. In: Wiss. Veroeff. Dtsch. Inst. Laenderkde. 3: 115-117. Leipzig.
BAUER, J.J. (1989): Erfassung des Zustandes und der Bedeutung von Grasland Biotopen in Schutzgebieten der Himalaya Region in Nepal. [Abstract.] In: Gesellschaft fuer Oekologie, Tagungsfuehrer Osnabrueck 1989: 69.
BAUMANN, B. (1993): Mustang - Das verborgene Koenigreich im Himalaya. 192 S.. Muenchen (Herbig).
BEADLE, N.C. (1951): The misuse of climate as an indicator of vegetation and soil. In: Ecology 32: 343-345.
BEUG, H.-J. (1981): Palynological studies on a peat layer in Kakitu Mountain, northeastern Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. In: Hoevermann, J. & Wang, Wenying (eds.): Reports on the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau Sino-W. German Scientific Expedition 1981: 496-501. Beijing.
BEUG, H.-J. & MIEHE, G. (1999): Vegetation history and human impact in the Eastern Central Himalaya (Langtang and Helambu, Nepal). 98 pp.. (Dissertationes Botanicae 318.)
BHANDARY, H.R. & SHRESTHA, P. (1982): Ethnobotanical approach on the poisonous plants of Annapurna and Langtang Himal. In: Journal of the Natural History Museum (Nepal) 6 (4): 125-135.
BHANDARY, H.R. & SHRESTHA, P. (1986): Ethnobotanical investigations on the poisonous plants of Manang - Mustang and adjoining areas. In: Journal of the Natural History Museum (Nepal) 10 (1-4): 133-144.
BHASKARAN, A.R. (1962): Landslides, their origin and control in the Kosi catchment. In: J. Soil a. Water Conserv. India 10: 79-83.
BHATT, D.D. (1964): Plant collection in Nepal. In: Madrono 17: 145-152.
BHATT, D.D. (1965): A note on the origin, soil, climate, vegetation and agricultural pattern of the Kathmandu Valley. In: Orient. Geographer 9 (2): 114-128. Dacca.
BHATT, D.D. (1996): State of environment and biodiversity in Nepal. In: Jha, P.K. et al. (eds.): Environment and biodiversity in the context of South Asia. Proceedings of the Regional Conference, March 7-9, 1994, Kathmandu: 26-33.
BHATTACHARYYA, G. (1995): Studies on weed flora of Saurashtra, Gujarat. In: Journal of Exonomic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 371-383.
BHATTARAI, N.K. (1993): Medical ethnobotany in the Rapti zone, Nepal. In: Fitoterapia 64: 483-492.
BHATTARAI, N.K. (1993): Folk herbal remedies of Dolakha District, Nepal. In: Fitoterapia 64: 387-395.
BHATTARAI, N.K. (1994): Folk herbal remedies for gynaecological complaints in Central Nepal. In: International Journal of Pharmacognosy 32: 13-26.
BIELMEIER, R, (1988): A preliminary survey of the dialect of Mustang. In: Journal of the Nepal Research Centre 8: 31-37. Kathmandu.
BILLINGS, W.D. & MARK, A.F. (1961): Interactions between alpine tundra, vegetation and patterned ground in the mountains of southern New Zealand. In: Ecology 42: 18-31.
BISHOP, J.M. & BISHOP, N.H. (1978): An ever-changing place: a year among Snow Monkeys and Sherpas in the Himalayas. New York.
BISTA, D.B. (1971): The political innovators of Upper Kali Gandaki. In: Man 6.1.
BISWAS, K. (1934): Some foreign weeds and their distribution in India and Burma. In: Indian For. 60: 861-865.
BISWAS, K. (1945): Aquatic vegetation of Assam with special reference to Naga hills, Manipur and Lohit lakes and swamps near the border of Assam.
BISWAS, K. (1962): Plant communities of Barail Range-Nagaland, Assam. In: Proc. Indian Sci. Congr. Ass. 3: 423.
BISWAS, K. (1966): Plants of Darjeeling and the Sikkim Himalaya. Vol. 1, 540 pp.. Alipore (West Bengal Government Press).
BISWAS, K. & TOWNSEND, H.P.V. (1936): Common plants of northern Sikkim. In: Proc. Indian Sci. Congr. Ass. III: 290. Calcutta.
BJONNESS, I.M. (1980): Animal husbandry and management problem in Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park. In: Norsk Geogr. Tidsskrift, Vol 34, No. 1: 59-76.
BJONNESS, I.M. (1983): External economic dependency and changing human adjustment to marginal environment in the High Himalaya. In: Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 3, No. 3: 263-272.
BJONNESS, I.M. (1986): Mountain hazard perception and risk-avoiding strategies among the Sherpas of Khumbu Himal, Nepal. In: Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 6: 277-292.
BLASCO, F. (1970): Aspects of the flora, and ecology of Savannas of the South Indian hills. In: J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 67: 522-534.
BLASCO, F. (1971): Orophytes of South India and Himalayas. In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. 50: 377-381.
BLASCO, F. & BELLAN, M.F. (1996): A vegetation map of tropical continental Asia at scale 1:5 million. In: Journal of Vegetation Science 7: 623-634 + map.
BLASCO, F. & LEGRIS, P. (1974): Les formations forestieres de L'Inde peninsulaire. In: Rev. For. Fr. 6: 427-438.
BLATTER, E. (1911): A bibliography of the botany of British India and Ceylon. In: Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 20: 79-185.
BLUME, H.P. & SUKOPP, H. (1976): Oekologische Bedeutung anthropogener Bodenveraenderungen. In: Schriftenr. f. Vegetationskunde 10: 75-89.
BOEHM, H. (1966): Die gelaendeklimatische Bedeutung des Bergschattens und der Exposition fuer das Gefuege der Natur und Kulturlandschaft. In: Erdkunde 20: 81-93.
BOEHNER, J. (1993): Saekulare Klimaschwankungen und rezente Klimatrends in Zentral- und Hochasien. (Diss. Univ. Goettingen.)
BOESCH, H. (1964): Zwei Jahre Wetterbeobachtungen in Ostnepal (1961-1963). In: Geographica Helvetica, 3: 170-178.
BOESCH, H. (1968): Das Kathmandu-Valley. Beitraege zur Morphologie von Nepal. In: Geographica Helvetica 23: 172-179. Bern.
BOESCH, H. (1972): Landnutzung und Geomorphologie im Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. In: Geographica Helvetica 27: 120-125. Bern.
BOHLE, H.-G. (1989): 20 Jahre "Gruene Revolution" in Indien. Eine Zwischenbilanz mit Dorfbeispielen aus Suedindien. In: Geographische Rundschau 41: 91 ff.
BOHLE, H.-G. (1997): Strategien zum Ueberleben bei nepalesischen Bergbauern. Marktwirtschaft loest Tauschhandel ab. In: Forschung - Mitteilungen der DFG 4/97: 4-8.
BOR, N.L. (1938): A sketh of the vegetation of the Aka Hills, Assam. A synecological study. In: Ind. For. Rec., New Ser., Bot. 1, 4: X, 103-221.
BOR, N.L. (1950): The genus Poa in India. In: J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 50: 787-838.
BOR, N.L. (1952): The genus Poa in India, 2. In: J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 51: 62-103.
BOR, N.L. (1958): Resultats des expeditions scientifiques Genevoises au Nepal en 1952 et 1954. Partie Botanique. In: Candollea 16: 137-142. Geneva.
BOR, N.L. (1960): The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India and Pakistan (excluding Bambuseae). (International Series of Monographs on Pure and Applied Biology, Division Botany, Vol. 1.) Oxford (Pergamon Press).
BOR, N.L. (1970): Gramineae. 573 pp. + 73 tab.. (Rechinger, K.H. (ed.): Flora Iranica. Flora des Iranischen Hochlandes und der umrahmenden Gebirge, Lieferung No. 70.) Graz (Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt).
BORDET, P. (1961): Recherches geologiques dans l`Himalaya du Nepal, Region du Makalu. Paris.
BORDET, P., COLCHEN, M., KRUMMENACHER, D., FORT, P. LE, MOUTERDE, R. & REMY, M. (1971): Recherches geologiques dans l'Himalaya du Nepal, Region de la Thakkhola. Paris.
BORTENSCHLAGER, S. (1991): The invasion of plants into the Alps: its mechanism. In: Ramakrishnan, P.S. (ed.): Ecology of biological invasions in the tropics: 177-184. New Delhi (International Scientific Publications).
BORTOLAMI, G., LOMBARDO, B. & POLINO, R. (1976): The Higher Himalaya and the Tibetan Series in the Lhotse Area (Eastern Nepal). In: Boll. Soc. Geol. It., Vol. 95: 489-499.
BORTOLAMI, G., SORZANA, F., FADDA, M. & NERVO, R. (1974): Missione scientifica "Cho Oyu - Everest Region 1973". Osservazioni geografico-geologiche sulla dorsale Taboche- Jobo Lhaptshan e sulla testata del Khumbu Glacier. In: Mem. Soc. Geol. It., Vol. 13: 409-424.
BOSSHART, U. (1993): Geomorpic damage and land use dynamics between 1979/80 and 1988 in "Jalkini Area", Kakani. In: Messerli, B., Hofer, T. & Wymann, S. (eds.): Himalayan environment: pressure - problems - processes (Geographica Bernensia G 38): 141-150. Bern.
BOULOS, L. (1972): Revision systematique du genre Sonchus L. s.l.. I. Introduction et Classification. In: Botaniska Notiser 125: 287-319.
BOULOS, L. (1973): Revision systematique du genre Sonchus L. s.l.. IV. Sous-genre 1. Sonchus. In: Botaniska Notiser 126: 155-196.
BOURDILLON, J. (1956): Visit to the Sherpas. London.
BRAEUNING, A. (1999): Zur Dendroklimatologie Hochtibets waehrend des letzten Jahrtausends. 164 S. + Anhang. (Dissertationes Botanicae 312.) Berlin (Cramer).
BRANDIS, D. (1874): The forest flora of North-West and Central India. London.
BRANDIS, D. (1896): Die Familie der Dipterocarpaceeen und ihre geographische Verbreitung. In: Sitzber. Niederrh. Ges. Natur- & Heilkunde zu Bonn 20: 4-42. Bonn.
BRAUN, G. (1996): Vegetationsgeographische Untersuchungen im NW-Karakorum (Pakistan). Kartierung der aktuellen Vegetation und ... auf der Basis von Satellitendaten, Gelaende- und Einstr'modellen. (Bonner Geographische Abhandlungen 93.) Bonn.
BRECKLE, S.W. (1988): Vegetation und Flora der nivalen Stufe im Hindukush. In: Groetzbach, E. (ed.): Neue Beitraege zur Afghanistanforschung (Schriftenr. Bibl. Afghanica 6): 157-173.
BREMER, H. (1989): Das Naturpotential in den feuchten Tropen. In: Geographische Rundschau 41: 382-390.
BROWER, B. (1990): Range conservation and Sherpa livestock managment in Khumbu, Nepal. In: Mountain Research and Development 10 (1): 34-42.
BROWER, B. (1996): Geography and history in the Solukhumbu landscape, Nepal. In: Mountain Research and Development 16: 249-256.
BROWN, K. (1997): Plain tales from the grasslands: extraction, value and utilization of biomass in Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal. In: Biodiversity and Conservation 6 (1): 59-74.
BROWN, K. (1998): The political ecology of biodiversity, conservation and development in Nepal's Terai: Confused meanings, means and ends. In: Ecological Economics 24 (1): 73-87.
BROWN, R. (1983): Recommendations for revegetation and management of denuded lands in Mustang, Nepal. (Report, prepared for South East Asia Consortium for Intern. Developm. (SECID), N. Carolina.) Ogden/Utah (USDA Forest Service, Experiment Station).
BRUHL, P. (1908): Recent plant immigrants. In: Journ. & Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 4: 603-656.
BRUHL, P. (1908): Recent plant immigrants. In: J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 4: 603-656.
BRYANT, F.B. (1885): The boxwood forests of Kashmir and British Garhwal. In: Indian For. 11: 283-285.
BUCHANAN, F.W. (1971): An account of the kingdom of Nepal and of the territories annexed to this dominion by the House of Gorka. New Delhi.
BUCHANAN, W.J. (1917): In the footsteps of Hooher through Sikim and Nepal. Calcutta.
BUCHROITHNER, M.F., JENTSCH, G. & WANIVENHAUS, B. (1982): Monitoring of recent geological events in the Khumbu Area (Himalaya, Nepal) by Digital Processing of Landsat MSS Data. In: Rock Mechanics, Vol. 15: 181-197.
BURKHILL, I.H. (1910['13?]): Notes of a journey to Nepal. In: Rec. Bot. Surv. India 4 (4) [6?]: 59-140.
BYERS, A. (1978): Preliminary notes on wood supply in Muktinath. In: Nature Annual Nepal (Nepal Nature Conservation Society) 2: 101-105.
BYERS, A. (1985): Resource management in the arid Himalaya: problems and prospective solutions. In: Contributions to Nepalese Studies 13 (3): 107-136.
BYERS, A. (1986): A geomorphic study of man-induced soil erosion in the Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) National Park, Khumbu, Nepal. In: Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 6: 83-87.
BYERS, A. (1987): An assessment of landscape change in the Khumbu Region of Nepal using repeat photography. In: Mountain Research and Development 7: 77-81.
BYERS, A. (1987): Landscape change and man-accelerated soil loss: the case of the Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) National Park, Khumbu, Nepal. In: Mountain Research and Development 7: 209-216.
BYERS, A. (1996): Historical and contemporary human disturbance in the Upper Barun Valley, Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area, East Nepal. In: Mountain Research and Development 16: 235-247.

... top of page: G. Kasperek's literature list - Ecology and vegetation of Nepal


CAO, T. & CHURCHILL, S.P. (1995): New synonyms in Grimmia and Schistidium (Bryopsida: Grimmiaceae). In: Nova Hedwigia 60: 505-513.
CAPLAN, L. (1970): Land and social change in East Nepal. Berkeley, Los Angeles.
CAVE, G.H. & SMITH, W.W. (1911): The vegetation of the Zemmu and Leonakh valley in Sikkim. In: Rec. Bot. Surv. of India 4: 141-260. Calcutta.
CENTNER, C.-L. (1990): Untersuchungen zum Klima des Himalaya anhand von Niederschlag und Lufttemperatur. (Diss. Univ. Giessen, maschinenschriftl., 379 Bl..)
CHAMBERLAIN, D.F. (1982): A revision of Rhododendron. II. Subgenus Hymenanthes. In: Notes RBG Edinb. 39, 2: 209-486.
CHAMPION, H.G. (1919): Observations on some effects of fires in chir (Pinus longifolia) forests of the W. Almora Division. In: Indian For. 45: 353-364.
CHAMPION, H.G. (1923): The influence of the hand of man on the distribution of forest types in the Kumaon Himalaya. In: Indian For. 49: 116-136.
CHAMPION, H.G. (1923): The interaction between Pinus longifolia (chir) and its habitat in the Kumaon Hills. In: Indian For. 49: 312-356.
CHAMPION, H.G. (1936): A preliminary survey of the forest types of India and Burma. In: Indian For. Rec. (N.S.), Silvicult. 1: 1-287.
CHAMPION, H.G. & SETH, S.K. (1968): A revised survey of the forest types of India. Dehra Dun (Forest Research Institute).
CHANG, D.H.S. (1981): The vegetation zonation of the Tibetan Plateau. In: Mountain Research and Development 1: 29-48.
CHANG, D.H.S. (1983): The Tibetan Plateau in relation to the vegetation of China. In: Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 70: 564-570.
CHATTERJEE, S.K. (1961): A short note on the hollock (Terminalia myrocarpa) plantations of the Pasighat (NEFA). In: Proc. 10th Silvic. Conf. Iten. D 4: 1-4.
CHATTERJI, S. (1987): Development prospects in Ladakh. In: Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 7: 217-218.
CHAUDHARY, R.P. (1999): Biodiversity in Nepal: status and conservation. 324 pp..
CHAUDHARY, R.P. & SHRESTHA, K.K. (1981): Weed flora of Kirtipur area, Kathmandu valley. In: J. Nat. Hist. Museum (Nepal) 5 (5): 37-48.
CHEN WEI-LIE (1981): The main types of forest vegetation and their distribution in Xizang. In: Liu Dong-Sheng (ed.): Proceed. Symp. Quinhai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau: 1947-1952. Beijing.
CHENG GENWEI (1999): Forest change: hydrological effects in the upper Yangtze river valley. In: Ambio 28: 457-459.
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GRAHAM, V.A.W. (1981): A new species of Justicia (Acanthaceae) from Nepal. In: Journal of Japanese Botany 56 (4): 117-119.
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GRIERSON, A.J.C. & LONG, D.G. (1983): Flora of Bhutan. Including a record of plants from Sikkim. Vol. 1, Pt. 1. Edinburgh.
GRIERSON, A.J.C. & LONG, D.G. (1984): Flora of Bhutan. Including a record of plants from Sikkim. Vol. 1, Pt. 2. Edinburgh.
GRIERSON, A.J.C. & LONG, D.G. (1987): Flora of Bhutan. Including a record of plants from Sikkim. Vol. 1, Pt. 3. Edinburgh.
GRIERSON, A.J.C. & LONG, D.G. (1991): Flora of Bhutan. Including a record of plants from Sikkim. Vol. 2, Pt. 1. Edinburgh.
GRIFFIN, D.M. (1988): Innocent abroad in the forests of Nepal: an account of Australian aid to nepalese forestry. 188 pp.. Canberra.
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GRUBOV, V.I. (1961): Duae species novae e familia Chenopodiaceae. In: Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, xxi: 125-129. Leningrad.
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GUPTA, A.C. (1963): Annual precipitation and the vegetation of the dry temperate coniferous region of the NW-Himalayas. In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. 42: 313-318.
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GUPTA, R. & MUKERJI, K.G. (1996): Weeds of Delhi II - Certain members of Gramineae. In: Journal of Phytological Research 9 (1): 43-48.
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GUPTA, R.K. (1961): Climatic conditions and flowering season in outer Himalayas at Naini Tal. In: Indian For. 87: 189-193.
GUPTA, R.K. (1961): Vegetation in the catchment areas of the rivers Ganga and Yumna with reference to their soil and water conservation problems. In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. 40: 325-334.
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GUPTA, R.K. (1978): Impact of human influences on the vegetation of the Western Himalayas. In: Vegetatio 37: 111-118.
GUPTA, R.K. (1981): Bibliography of the Himalayas. Gurgaon (Indian Documentation Service).
GUPTA, R.K. & AYMONNIN, G.G. (1965): Etude sur les formations vegetales et leur succession dans les principaux massifs du "System Alpin" occidental. Essai de comparison avec l'Himalaya. In: Adansonia 5 (1): 49-94.
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GUPTA, R.K. & SINGH, J.S. (1962): Succession of vegetation types in the Tons Valley of the Garhwal Himalayas. In: Indian For. 88: 289-296.
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GUTSCHOW, N. (1992): The need to build a temple - observations on building traditions in change in Western Nepal. In: Koelver, B. (ed.): Aspects of Nepalese traditions (Publications of the Nepal Research Centre, No. 19): 97-122. Stuttgart (Steiner).
GUTSCHOW, N. (1992/93): Choerten in Mustang. A preliminary architectural account of choerten (mchod-rten) with special reference to the choerten of the cave at Luri. In: Ancient Nepal 130/133: 59-62. Kathmandu.
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... top of page: G. Kasperek's literature list - Ecology and vegetation of Nepal


HAFFNER, W. (1965): Nepal Himalaya. Bericht einer Reise nach Ostnepal im Jahre 1963. In: Erdkunde, Band 19: 89-103.
HAFFNER, W. (1966): Die Sherpas im oestlichen Nepal-Himalaya. In: Geographische Rundschau 18: 144-148.
HAFFNER, W. (1967): Ostnepal - Grundzuege des vertikalen Landschaftsaufbaus. In: Khumbu Himal, Ergebn. Forsch.-Unternehmens Nepal Himalaya, Bd. 1, Lieferung 5: 389-426. Berlin.
HAFFNER, W. (1968): Altitudinal belts of landscape in the eastern Nepal Himalaya. In: 21st Intern. Geogr. Congr. Abstract, p. 143. New Delhi.
HAFFNER, W. (1969): Die Landschaft Khumbu in landschaftsoekologischer und kulturgeographischer Sicht. In: Deutscher Geographentag Kiel, 21. bis 26. Juli 1969. Tagungsbericht und wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen: 594-602. Wiesbaden.
HAFFNER, W. (1972): Khumbu Himalaya. Landschaftsoekologische Untersuchungen in den Hochtaelern des Mt. Everest-Gebietes. In: Troll, C. (Hg.): Landschaftsoekologie des Hochgebirge Eurasiens (Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung 4): 244-263. Wiesbaden.
HAFFNER, W. (1973): Brachsysteme und zelgengebundener Anbau in Zentral- und Ostnepal. In: Rathjens, C., Troll, C. & Uhlig, H. (Hg.): Vergleichende Kulturgeographie der Hochgebirge des suedlichen Asien (Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung V): 40-42. Wiesbaden.
HAFFNER, W. (1973): Formen des Reisbaus in Nepal. In: Rathjens, C., Troll, C. & Uhlig, H. (Hg.): Vergleichende Kulturgeographie der Hochgebirge des suedlichen Asien (Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung V): 109-116. Wiesbaden.
HAFFNER, W. (1977): Die Himalaya-Staaten Nepal und Bhutan. In: Blenck, J., Bronger, D. & Uhlig, H. (Hg.): Suedasien, Fischer Laenderkunde: 271-288. Frankfurt/M..
HAFFNER, W. (1979): Zur Karte des Kathmandu-Tals. In: Erdkunde 33: 38-51. Bonn.
HAFFNER, W. (1979): Nepal Himalaya: Untersuchungen zum vertikalen Landschaftsaufbau Zentral- und Ostnepals. (Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung, Bd. 12.) Wiesbaden.
HAFFNER, W. (1981): Die Exkursion der Academia Sinica durch Sued-Xizang (Tibet) - Beobachtungen und Gedanken. In: Erdkunde 35: 72-80. Bonn.
HAFFNER, W. (1982): Die Gebirge und Hochlaender der Tropen und Subtropen. In: Giessener Beitraege zur Entwicklungsforschung, Reihe I 8: 1-33. Giessen.
HAFFNER, W. (1984): Potentials and limits of agricultural production in Nepal as seen from an ecological-geographical standpoint. In: Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung 18: 115-126.
HAFFNER, W. (1992): Sufficient harvest-yields despite low soil fertility - the special strategy of Nepalese mountain farmers. In: Koelver, B. (ed.): Aspects of Nepalese traditions (Publications of the Nepal Research Centre, No. 19): 1-14. Stuttgart (Steiner).
HAFFNER, W. (1997): Hochasien: Der Effekt grosser Massenerhebungen. In: Geographische Rundschau 49: 307-314.
HAFFNER, W. (1999): Das Klima von Vent. In: Pohle, P. (Hg.): Besiedlung und Erschliessung der Alpen. Berichte eines Studienprojektes im Venter Tal 1997 (Werkstattpapiere 11): 75-82. Giessen (Geographisches Institut).
HAFFNER, W. & POHLE, P. (1993): Siedlungsprozesse und Staatenbildung im Tibetischen Himalaya. Konzept und erste Ergebnisse eines DFG-Schwerpunktprogrammes. In: Spiegel der Forschung 1/93: 10-15. Giessen (Justus-Liebig-Universitaet).
HAFFNER, W. & POHLE, P. (1993): Settlement processes and the formation of states in the High Himalayas characterized by tibetan culture and tradition. Concept and first results. In: Ancient Nepal, Journal of the Department of Archaeology 134: 42-56. Kathmandu.
HAGEN, T. (1959): Ueber den geologischen Bau des Nepal-Himalayas. In: Jb. St. Gall. Naturw. Ges., 76: 3-48.
HAGEN, T. (1960): Nepal - Koenigreich am Himalaya. Bern.
HAGEN, T. (1968): Report on the geological survey of Nepal. Vol. 2: Geology of the Thakkhola. (Denkschriften d. Schweizer Naturforsch. Ges. 86/2.)
HAGEN, T. (1969): Report on the geological survey of Nepal. 1. Preliminary reconnaissance. In: Denkschr. Schweizer. Naturforsch. Ges. 86, 1. Zuerich.
HAGEN, T. (1996): Environment and biodiversity seen with the eyes of the farmers. In: Jha, P.K. et al. (eds.): Environment and biodiversity in the context of South Asia. Proceedings of the Regional Conference, March 7-9, 1994, Kathmandu: 1-11.
HAGEN, T. (1998): Nepal - the kingdom in the Himalaya. 4th edition.
HAHNERT, E. (1925): Beitraege zur Siedlungskunde von Tibet. In: Mitt. Ges. Erdkunde Dresden 94: 208. Dresden.
HAJRA, P.K. & VERMA, D.M. (eds.) (1996): Flora of Sikkim. Vol. 1. Monocotyledons. 336 pp.. (Flora of India, Series 2.)
HAJRA, P.K., NAIR, V.J. & DANIEL, P. (eds.) (1997): Flora of India, Vol. 4: Malpighiaceae - Dichapetalaceae. 561 pp.. Calcutta (Botanical Survey of India).
HAJRA, P.K., RAO, R.R., SINGH, D.K. & UNIYAL, B.P. (eds.) (1995): Flora of India. Vol. 12: Asteraceae (Anthemideae - Heliantheae). 454 pp.
HAJRA, P.K., RAO, R.R., SINGH, D.K. & UNIYAL, B.P. (eds.) (1995): Flora of India. Vol. 13: Asteraceae (Inuleae - Vernonieae). 411 pp.
HAJRA, P.K., SHARMA, B.D., SANJAPPA, M. & SASTRY, A.R.K. (eds.) (1996): Flora of India. Introductory Volume, Part 1 [of 2]. 538 pp..
HAMILTON, A.P.F. (1948): The problem of shifting cultivation. In: Indian For. 74: 2-6.
HAMILTON, D.D.F. (1825): Prodromus florae Nepalensis, sive enumeratio vegetabilium, quae in itinere per Nepaliam proprie dictam et regiones conterminas, ann. 1802-1803. (Reprint 1976.) 256 pp..
HAMILTON, F.B. (1819): An account of the kingdom of Nepal. Edinburgh (A. Constable).
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HANDEL-MAZZETTI, Frh.v. (1922): Mittel-China. In: Karsten, U.G. & Schenk, H. (Hg.): Vegetationsbilder 14. Jena.
HANDEL-MAZZETTI, Frh.v. (1927): Das Nordost-Birmanisch West-Yuennanesische Hochgebirgsgebiet. In: Karsten, U.G. & Schenk, H. (Hg.): Vegetationsbilder 17. Jena.
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HANDEL-MAZZETTI, H. (1938): Plantae novae tibeticae et bhutanicae in herbario musei britannici. In: J. Bot. 76: 281-292.
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HANELT, P. (1966): Polyploidie-Frequenz und geographische Verbreitung bei hoeheren Pflanzen. In: Biologische Rundschau 4: 183-196.
HARA, H. (1966): The flora of eastern Himalaya. Tokyo (University of Tokyo Press).
HARA, H. (1972): On the asiatic species of the genus Rabdosia (Labiatae). In: J. Jap. Bot. 47: 193-203.
HARA, H. (1972): A prostrate species of Myricaria in eastern Himalaya and Yunnan. In: Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 41: 343-345.
HARA, H. (1973): The genus Elaeagnus of eastern Himalaya. In: J. Jap. Bot. 48: 257-267.
HARA, H. (1988): A revision of the asiatic species of the genus Disporum (Liliaceae). In: Ohba, H. & Malla, S.B. (eds.): The Himalayan plants, Vol. 1: 163-209. Tokyo (University of Tokyo Press).
HARA, H., STEARN, W.T. & WILLIAMS, L.H.J. (1996): An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. [3 volumes, 1978-1982, reprinted in 1 volume 1996.] 600 pp..
HARDIE, N. (1959): Im hoechsten Nepal. Muenchen (first published in London, 1957).
HARRER, H. (1952): Sieben Jahre in Tibet. 267 S.. Wien.
HARTMANN, H. (1966): Beitraege zur Kenntnis der Flora des Karakorum. In: Bot. Jb. 85: 259-328.
HARTMANN, H. (1972): Ueber die Vegetation des Karakorum. In: Vegetatio 24: 91-157.
HARTMANN, H. (1983): Pflanzengesellschaften entlang der Kashmirroute in Ladakh. In: Jahrbuch des Vereins zum Schutz der Bergwelt 48: 131-173.
HARTMANN, H. (1987): Pflanzengesellschaften trockener Standorte aus der subalpinen und alpinen Stufe im suedlichen und oestlichen Ladakh. In: Candollea 42: 277-326.
HARUKI, M. (1984): On the Rhododendron forests in Central Nepal. In: Tethys Research 3: 4-21.
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HASTENRATH, S. & CAUKWELL, R.A. (1979): Variation of Lewis Glacier, Mount Kenya, 1974-1978. (Mit Kartenbeilage). In: Erdkunde 33: 292-297.
HASTENRATH, S. & ROSTOM, R. (1990): Variations of the Lewis and Gregory Glaciers, Mount Kenya, 1978-86-90. In: Erdkunde 44: 313ff.
HATTORI, S. (1968): Resultats des expeditions scientifiques Genevoises au Nepal en 1952 et 1954. Partie Botanique, XX. Hepaticae. In: Candollea 23: 275-285. Geneva.
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HEIDE, S. von der (1985): Die Thakali aus Thakkhola im Nordwesten Nepals. (M.A.-Thesis). Freiburg.
HEIDE, S. von der (1986): Some demographic notes and a short description of migratory patterns of the Thakali. In: Contributions to Nepalese Studies, CNAS, Kathmandu.
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POHLE, P. (2000): Felsbilder und Wuestungen. Feldarbeiten zur Siedlungs- und Kulturgeschichte von Mustang fuehrten unerwartet zur Entdeckung von Felsbildern. In: Archaeologie in Deutschland 1/2000: 12-17.
POHLE, P. (2000): Historisch-geographische Untersuchungen im Tibetischen Himalaya. Felsbilder und Wuestungen als Quellen zur Besiedlungs- und Kulturgeschichte von Mustang (Nepal). (Giessener Geographische Schriften, Band 76/1 [Text] und 76/2 [Abbildungen].) Giessen.
POHLE, P. (2000): Rock engravings of Mustang (Nepal) - a unique source for research in cultural history and geography. In: Thapa, R.P. & Baaden, J. (eds.): Nepal - myths and realities. In commemoration of the 75th birthday of Dr. Wolf Donner: 537-564. Delhi (Book Faith India).
POHLE, P. (Hg.) (1999): Besiedlung und Erschliessung der Alpen. Berichte eines Studienprojektes im Venter Tal 1997. 204 S.. (Werkstattpapiere 11.) Giessen (Geographisches Institut).
POLUNIN, O. (1950): Plant hunting in the Nepal Himalayas. In: Geogr. Mag. 23: 132-147.
POLUNIN, O. (1950): An expedition to Nepal. In: J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 75: 304-315.
POLUNIN, O. (1952): The natural history of the Langtang Valley. A list of plants collected during the 1949 expedition to Central Nepal. In: Tilman, H.W.: Nepal Himalaya: 242-263. Cambridge.
POTTS, G.R. (1991): The environmental and ecological importance of cereal fields. In: The ecology of temperate cereal fields. Proceedings of the 32nd symposium of the British Ecological Society with the Association of Applied Biologists: 3-21. Oxford (Blackwell).
PRACH, K. (1994): Vegetation succession on river gravel bars across the northwestern Himalayas, India. In: Arctic and Alpine Research 26: 349-353.
PRINCE PETER OF GREECE AND DENMARK (1963): A study of polyandry. The Hague.
PRING, N.G. (1944): A note on catchment afforestation in NW India. In: Indian For. 70: 247-252.
PUGH, L.G.C.E. (1954): Scientific aspects of the expedition to Mount Everest 1953. In: Geogr. J. 120: 183-192. London.
PURI, G.S. (1949): The historical factor and its application to forest ecology. In: Journal of the Indian Botanical Society 27: 63-68.
PURI, G.S. (1950): The distribution of conifers in the Kulu Himalaya with special reference to geology. In: Indian For. 76: 144-153.
PURI, G.S. (1956): The soil and water conservation problems of the Bashahar Himalayas. In: Nat. Geogr. Journ. India 2: 7-13.
PURI, G.S. (1957): Vegetation types of NW-Himalaya. In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. 36: 602-604.
PURI, G.S. (1957): Vegetation types in the Siwaliks between the Ganges and the Januma. In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. 36: 604-605.
PURI, G.S. & GUPTA, A.C. (1951): The himalayan conifers. II. The ecology of humus in conifer forests of the Kulu Himalayas. In: Indian For. 77: 55-63.
PURI, G.S. & MANI, J.S. (1957): Succession of forest communities in Chakrata Himalayas. In: Proc. Indian Sci. Congr. Ass. 3: 287.
QU AI-TANG (n.d.): The relationship between the Sherpa language and the Tibetan language. (in chinese; forthcoming in the proceedings of the Lhasa Tibetology conference, 1986; available from the author at the Nationality Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing.

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RAGMI, M.C. (1961): Recent land reform programms in Nepal. In: Assam Survey 7: 32-37.
RAI, L.K., PANKAY PRASAD & SHARMA, E. (2000): Conservation threats to some important medicinal plants of the Sikkim Himalaya. In: Biological Conservation 93: 27-33.
RAI, S.C. & SUNDRIYAL, R.C. (1997): Tourism and biodiversity conservation: the Sikkim Himalaya. In: Ambio 26: 235-242.
RAINA, V. (1959): A preliminary survey of grasses in Himachal Pradesh. In: Indian For. 85: 110-125.
RAIZADA, M.B. (1936): Recently introduced or otherwise imperfectly known plants from Upper Gangetic Plains. In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. 15: 149-167.
RAIZADA, M.B. (1954): Grasses of upper Gangetic plain and some aspects of their ecology. In: Indian For. 80: 24-26.
RAJBHANDARI, K.R. (1976): History of botanical explorations in Nepal. In: Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 73: 468-481.
RAJBHANDARI, K.R. (1988): Three new species of Himalayan Poa, with a note on proliferation. In: Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 39 (1-3): 55-66.
RAJBHANDARI, K.R. (1991): A revision of the genus Poa L. (Gramineae) in the Himalaya. In: Ohba, H. & Malla, S.B. (eds.): The Himalayan plants, Vol. 2: 169-263. Tokyo (University of Tokyo Press).
RAJBHANDARI, K.R. (1994): A bibliography of the plant science of Nepal. 247 pp. Kathmandu.
RAJBHANDARI, K.R. & JOSHI, R. (1995): Persicaria sinuata (Polygonaceae): a new record for Nepal. In: Journal of Japanese Botany 70: 332-333.
RAJBHANDARI, K.R. & OHBA, H. (1991): A revision of the genus Kobresia WILLDENOW (Cyperaceae) of Nepal. In: Ohba, H. & Malla, S.B. (eds.): The Himalayan plants, Vol. 2: 117-167. Tokyo (University of Tokyo Press).
RALHAN, P.K., KHANNA, R.K., SINGH, S.P. & SINGH, J.S. (1985): Phenological characterisitcs of the tree layer of Kumaun Himalayan forests. In: Vegetatio 60: 91-101.
RAM, J., SINGH, S.P. & SINGH, J.S. (1988): Community level phenology of grassland above tree line in Central Himalaya, India. In: Arctic and Alpine Research 20: 325-332.
RAMAKRISHNAN, P.S. (1991): Biological invasions in the tropics: an overview. In: Ramakrishnan, P.S. (ed.): Ecology of biological invasions in the tropics: 1-20. New Delhi (International Scientific Publications).
RAMAKRISHNAN, P.S. (1991): Conclusions and recommendations. In: Ramakrishnan, P.S. (ed.): Ecology of biological invasions in the tropics: 185-187. New Delhi (International Scientific Publications).
RAMAKRISHNAN, P.S. & VITOUSEK, P.M. (1989): Ecosystem-level processes and the consequences of biological invasions. In: Drake, J.A. et al. (eds.): Biological invasions: a global perspective: 281-300. New York (Wiley).
RAMAKRISHNAN, P.S. (ed.) (1991): Ecology of biological invasions in the tropics. 206 pp.. New Delhi (International Scientific Publications).
RAMBLE, C. (1992/93): A ritual of political unity in an old nepalese kingdom. Some preliminary observations. In: Ancient Nepal 130/133: 49-58. Kathmandu.
RAMBLE, C. (1994): Civic authority and agrarian management in southern Mustang: remarks on a nineteenth-century land tax register from Kagbeni. In: Ancient Nepal 136: 89-135.
RAMBLE, C. (1996): Die Pfadfinder. ... bis heute sind viele Regionen des Himalaya nur zu Fuss erreichbar - auf zum Teil abenteuerlichen Wegen. In: GEO Special, Nr. 3/Juni 1996 ("Himalaya"): 96-108.
RAMBLE, C. & VINDING, M. (1987): The 'Bem-chag' village record and the early history of Mustang District. In: Kailash 13 (1-2): 5-48.
RAMSEY, W.J.H. (1986): Erosion problems in the Nepal Himalaya - an overview. In: Joshi, S.C. (ed.): Nepal Himalaya - Geoecological perspectives: 359-395. Nainital (Himalayan Research Group).
RAO, A.S. (1974): The vegetation and phytogeography of Assam-Burma. In: Ecology and biogeography in India: 204-246.
RAO, A.V., OJHA, D.C. & SAXENA, A. (1998): 50 years of arid zone research in India (1947-1997). An annotated bibliography. 637 pp..
RAO, R.R. (1994): Biodiversity in India - floristic aspects. 315 pp..
RAO, R.R. & SURYANARAYANA, K. (1979): Introduced weeds in the vegetation of Mysore District. In: J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 74: 688-697.
RAO, R.R., CHOWDHERY, H.J., HAJRA, P.K., KUMAR, S., PANT, P.C., NAITHANI, B.D., UNIYAL, B.P., MATHUR, R. & MAMGAIN, S. (1988): Florae Indiae Enumeratio - Asteraceae. 119 pp.. (Flora of India, Series 4.)
RAO, R.R., HUSAIN, T. & DATT, B. (1994): An undescribed variety of Berberis petiolaris Wall. ex G.Don (Berberidaceae) from the Himalaya. In: Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 35 (4): 229-232. Taipei.
RAO, S.R. (1959): Comparative studies of the alpine flora of the central and eastern Himalayas. In: C.R. IX. Intern. Bot. Congr. Montreal: 19-29. Montreal.
RAO, S.R. (1961): The vegetation on the route to Khumbu glaciers, east Nepal. In: Proc. 48th Indian Sci. Congr. III: 345. Calcutta.
RAO, S.R. (1961): Some interesting alpine species along the high valleys between Mount Everest and Mount Cho-Oyu, east Nepal. In: Proc. 48th Indian Sci. Congr. III: 345-346. Calcutta.
RAO, S.R. (1963): The Indian Cho-Oyu expedition 1958: observations of a botanist member. In: J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 60: 400-409. Bombay.
RAO, S.R. (1963): Botanical tour in the Sikkim state, eastern Himalaya. In: Bull. Bot. Surv. India 5: 165-205.
RAO, T.A. (1963): Observations on the vegetation of the eastern Kumaon - bordering the Nepal frontier. In: Proc. 50th Indian Sci. Congr. 3: 37. Calcutta.
RAPOPORT, E.H. (1991): Tropical versus temperate weeds: a glance into the present and future. In: Ramakrishnan, P.S. (ed.): Ecology of biological invasions in the tropics: 41-52. New Delhi (International Scientific Publications).
RATHJENS, C. (1972): Fragen der horizontalen und vertikalen Landschaftsgliederung im Hochgebirgssystem des Hindukush. In: Troll, C. (Hg.): Landschaftsoekologie der Hochgebirge Eurasiens (Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung, Bd. 4): 205-220. Wiesbaden.
RAU, M.A. (1974): Vegetation and phytogeography of the Himalaya. In: Ecology and biogeography in India: 247-275.
RAUTIAINEN, O. & SUOHEIMO, J. (1997): Natural regeneration potential and early development of Shorea robusta Gaertn.f. forest after regeneration felling in the Bhabar-Terai zone in Nepal. In: Forest Ecology and Management 92: 243-251.
RAVEN, P.H. (1962): The genus Epilobium in the Himalayan region. In: Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) B. 2 (12: 325-382, t. 33-39).
RAWAT, G.S. & PANGTEY, Y.P.S. (1987): Floristic structure of snowline vegetation in Central Himalaya, India. In: Arctic and Alpine Research 19: 195-201.
RAWAT, Y.S. & SINGH, J.S. (1988): Structure and function of oak forests in Central Himalaya. I. Dry matter dynamics. In: Annals of Botany 62: 397-411.
RECHINGER, K.H. (1949): Rumices asiatici. Vorarbeiten zur Monographie der Gattung Rumex. VII. In: Candollea 12: 9-152.
RECHINGER, K.H. (1987): 98. Oenanthe. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.): Flora Iranica. Flora des Iranischen Hochlandes und d. umrahmenden Gebirge, Lieferung 162: 367-369 + tab. 297-299. Graz (Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt).
RECHINGER, K.H. (1987): 30. Daucus. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.): Flora Iranica. Flora des Iranischen Hochlandes und d. umrahmenden Gebirge, Lieferung 162: 136-140 + tab. 86-90. Graz (Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt).
RECHINGER, K.H. (ed.) (1970): Flora Iranica. Flora des Iranischen Hochlandes und der umrahmenden Gebirge (Persien, Afghanistan, West-Pakistan, Nord-Iraq, Azerbaidjan, Turkmenistan). Lfg. 70: Poaceae. Graz (Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt).
RECHINGER, K.H. (ed.) (1987): Flora Iranica. Flora des Iranischen Hochlandes und der umrahmenden Gebirge (Persien, Afghanistan, West-Pakistan, Nord-Iraq, Azerbaidjan, Turkmenistan). Lfg. 162: Umbellif.. (1 Textband, 556 S. und 1 Tafelband, 499 tab.) Graz (Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt).
RECHINGER, K.H. (ed.) (1997): Flora Iranica. Flora des Iranischen Hochlandes und der umrahmenden Gebirge (Persien, Afghanistan, West-Pakistan, Nord-Iraq, Azerbaidjan, ...). Lfg. 172: Chenopodiaceae. Graz (Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt).
REGMI RESEARCH SERIES (1979): "Regulations for Khumbu", 11(3): 40. Contains the document from 1810.
REHDER, A. (1903): Synopsis of the genus Lonicera. In: Ann. Rep. Missouri Bot. G. 14: 27-232, t. 1-20.
REHDER, A. & WILSON, E.H. (1928): Enumeration of the lignous plants collected by J.F. Rock on the Arnold Arboretum expedition to north-western China and north-eastern Tibet. In: J. Arnold Arboretum 9: 4-27, 37-125.
REHDER, H. (1976): Nutrient turnover studies in alpine ecosystems. In: Oecologia 23: 49-62.
REITERER, F. (1986): Das Aufnahmesystem Schneider. (Diplomarbeit an der Techn. Universitaet Graz).
REPP, G. (1963): Waldoekologische Studien im Westlichen Himalaya. In: Mitt. Florist.-Soziol. Arbeitsgem., N.F. 10: 207-222.
RICHARDSON, H.E. (1967): Names and titles in early Tibetan records. In: Bulletin of Tibetology, Vol. 4: 5-20.
RICHARDSON, H.E. (1977): Ministers of the Tibetan Kingdom. In: The Tibet Journal, Vol. 2: 10-27.
RICHARDSON, S.D. & REYNOLDS, J.M. (2000): An overview of glacial hazards in the Himalayas. In: Quaternary International 65/66: 31-47.
RICHTER, M., PFEIFER, H. & FICKERT, T. (1999): Differences in exposure and altitudinal limits as climatic indicators in a profile from Western Himalaya to Tian Shan. In: Erdkunde 53: 89-107.
RIES, J.B. (1994): Bodenerosion in der Hochgebirgsregion des oestlichen Zentral-Himalaya, untersucht am Beispiel Bamti/Bhandar/Surma Area, Nepal. (Freiburger Geographische Hefte 42.)
RIES, J.B. (1995): Soil erosion in the High Mountain Region of the eastern Nepalese Himalayas. A case study in Bamti/Bhandar/Surma. In: Zeitschrift fuer Geomorphologie, Suppplementband 99: 41-52.
RIES, J.B. & SCHWEIZER, P. (1995): Landuse and soil erosion in the High Mountain Region of Nepal - Consciousness and reality. A case study in the Bamti/Bhandar/Surma Area. In: Journal of the Nepal Research Centre, Vol 10, 45 S..
RIGHI, D. & LORPHELIN, L. (1987): The soils of a typical slope in the Himalayas (Nepal): Their main characteristics and distribution. In: Catena, Vol. 14: 533-551.
RIKHARI, H.C., NEGI, G.C.S., RAM, J. & SINGH, S.P. (1993): Human-induced secondary succession in an alpine meadow of Central Himalaya, India. In: Arctic and Alpine Research 25: 8-14.
RILKE, S. (in Vorber.): Revision der Gattung Salsola Sektion Salsola. (Disseration Kassel.)
ROERICH, G.N. (1976): The blue annals. Delhi.
ROHNER, M.-S. (1995): Zur Flora und Vegetation aufgelassener Siedlungen (Wuestungen) auf dem Truppenuebungsplatz Baumholder. In: Dynamik und Konstanz. Festschrift fuer Herbert Sukopp (Schriftenreihe fuer Vegetationskunde, Heft 27): 209-216. Bonn-Bad Godesberg.
ROUSI, A. (1971): The genus Hippophae L.. A taxonomic study. In: Ann. Bot. Fenn. 8: 177-227
ROWENTREE, J.B. (1954): An introducton to the vegetaton of Assam Valley. In: Indian For. Rec. (n.s.) Silvic. 9 (1): 1-87.
ROXBURGH, W. (1832): Flora Indica, or descriptions of indian plants. 763 pp.. [Reissue 1874.]
ROYLE, J.E. (1833-1840): Illustrations of the botany and other branches of the natural history of the Himalayan mountains, and of the flora of Cashmere. 2 Volumes. London.
RUEPPEL, H. & APEL, J. (?) (1998(?)): Landschafts-Studien-Reisefuehrer Himalaya.
RUEPPEL, H. & APEL, J. (?) (1998(?)): Landschafts-Studien-Reisefuehrer China.
RUTTLEDGE, H. (1933): Everest. London.
RYDING, O. (1994): A new species of Plantago (Plantaginaceae) from Ethiopia. In: Nordic Journal of Botany 14 (2): 205.

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SAARISALO-TAUBERT, A. (1963): Die Flora in ihrer Beziehung zur Siedlung und Siedlungsgeschichte in den suedfinnischen Staedten Porvoo, Loviisa und Hamina. In: Ann. Bot. Soc. Vanamo 35 (1): 1-190.
SACHERER, J. (1975): The Sherpas of Rolwaling: Human adaptation to a harsh mountain environment. In: Objects et Mondes, La Revue du Musee del` Homme, XIV, 4: 317-324.
SACHERER, J. (1977): The Sherpas of Rolwaling: A hundered years of economic change. In: Himalaya: Ecologie, Ethnologie, C.N.R.S. Paris. Paris.
SACHERER, J. (1981): The recent social and economic impact of tourism on a remote Sherpa community. In: Fuerer-Haimendorf, C.v. (ed.): Asian highland societies in anthropological perspective. New Delhi.
SAIJU, H.K., RAJBHANDARI, S.B. & MALLA, S.B. (1994): Anther culture of Allium fistulosum L.. In: Phytomorphology 44: 139-142.
SAJEEV, K.K., SASIDHARAN, N. & AUGUSTINE, J. (1998): New records of grasses from Kerala. In: Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 22: 491-494.
SAKAI, A. & MALLA, S.B. (1981): Winter hardiness of tree species at high altitudes in the East Himalaya, Nepal. In: Ecology 62: 1288-1298.
SAKLANI, P.S. (ed.) (1978): Tectonic geology of the Himalaya. New Delhi.
SAKYA, K. (1991): Dolpo: the hidden paradise. (Nirala Series 17.) New Delhi (Nirala Publications).
SAMANT, S.S., DHAR, U. & PALNI, L.M.S. (1998): Medicinal plants of Indian Himalaya. Diversity, distribution, potential. 163 pp..
SAMUEL, G. (1978): Religion in a Tibetan society: A new approach (II): The Sherpas of Nepal. A case study. In: Kailash, Vol. 6, No. 2.
SAXENA, K.G. (1991): Biological invasions in the Indian subcontinent: review of invasions by plants. In: Ramakrishnan, P.S. (ed.): Ecology of biological invasions in the tropics: 53-74. New Delhi (International Scientific Publications).
SAXENA, K.G. & RAMAKRISHNAN, P.S. (1984): Growth and patterns of resource allocation in Eupatorium odoratum L. in the secondary successional environments following slash and burn agriculture (Jhum). In: Weed Research 24: 127-134.
SCAMONI, A. (1975): Vegetationskundlicher Nachweis einer aufgelassenen Siedlung. In: Natursch. Arb. Berlin Brandenburg 11 (1): 16-24.
SCHAFFNER, R. (1987): Vegetation of stabilizing and eroding slopes in eastern Nepal. 98 pp.. (Veroeff. Geobot. Inst. ETH, Stift. Ruebel 93.) Zuerich.
SCHAFFNER, R. (1999): ... Wiederbesiedlung von Hangrutschungen in Nepal ... In: Bull. Geobot. Inst. ETH 65.
SCHELPE, E.A.C.L.E. (1954): Ecological observations on pteridophyta in the Kangra Himalaya. In: Am. Fern J. 44 (2): 49-52.
SCHICKHOFF, U. (1993): Das Kaghan-Tal im West-Himalaya (Pakistan). Studien zur landschaftsoekologischen Differenzierung und zum Landschaftswandel mit vegetationskundlichem Ansatz. 268 S. (Bonner Geograph. Abhandl. 87.) Bonn.
SCHICKHOFF, U. (1994): Die Verbreitung der Vegetation im Kaghan-Tal (Westhimalaya, Pakistan) und ihre kartographische Darstellung im Massstab 1:150.000. In: Erdkunde 48: 92-110.
SCHICKHOFF, U. (1995): Verbreitung, Nutzung und Zerstoerung der Hoehenwaelder im Karakorum und angrenzenden Hochgebirgsraeumen Nordpakistans. In: Petermanns Geogr. Mitt. 139: 67-85.
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SCHLUETZ, F. (1999): Palynologische Untersuchungen ue. die holozaene Vegetations-, Klima- und Siedlungsgeschichte in Hochasien (Nanga Parbat, Karakorum, Nianbaoyeze, Lhasa) ... China. 183 S. + Beilagen. (Dissertationes Botanicae 315.) Berlin (Cramer).
SCHMELZER, G.H. (1997): Review of Pennisetum section Brevivalvula (Poaceae). In: Euphytica 97 (1): 1-20.
SCHMID, E. (1938): Contribution to the knowledge of flora and vegetation in the central Himalayas. In: J. Indian Bot. Soc. 17: 269-278 + plates IX-XI. Bangalore.
SCHMID, T. (1967): Shamanistic practise in Northern Nepal. In: Edsman, C.-M. (ed.): Studies in Shamanism. Stockholm: 82-89.
SCHMIDT, B. (1992/93): Dendrochronological research in South Mustang. In: Ancient Nepal 130/133: 20-33. Kathmandu.
SCHMIDT, M.G., SCHREIER, H. & SHAH, P.B. (1993): Factors affecting the nutrient status of forest sites in a mountain watershed in Nepal. In: Journal of Soil Science 44: 417-425.
SCHMIDT-THOME, M. & THINGO, T.T. (1975): Materielle Kultur und Kunst der Sherpa. Innsbruck, Muenchen.
SCHMIDT-VOGT, D. (1987): Community forestry in the hills of Nepal. In: Effenberg, C. (ed.): Developments in Asia: Economic, political and cultural aspects (Beitraege zur Suedasienforschung 112): 504-539. Heidelberg.
SCHMIDT-VOGT, D. (1988): High altitude forests in the Jugal Himal (eastern central Nepal): forest types and human impact. (Diss. Univ. Heidelberg, 4 Mikrofiches.)
SCHMIDT-VOGT, D. (1993): Die Gebirgsweidewirtschaft in den Vorbergen des Jugal Himal (Nepal). In: Schweinfurth, U. (ed.): Neue Forschungen im Himalaya (Erdkundliches Wissen 112): 191-230. Stuttgart.
SCHMIDT-VOGT, D. (1994): Shifting cultivation und Pflanzensukzession in Nord-Thailand. (Vortrag, gehalten im Geographischen Seminar, Universitaet Giessen, am 24.01.1994.)
SCHMIDT-VOGT, D. (19xx): High altitude forests in the Jugal Himal (eastern central Nepal): forest types and human impact. (Geoecological Research 6.)
SCHNABEL, U. (1993): Forscher trampeln durch die Dritte Welt. Wissenschaftlicher Besuch ist fuer die Gastgeber oft strapazioes und kann ungeahnte Folgen haben. In: Die Zeit 05.02.93.
SCHNEIDER, E. (1957): Mahalangur Himal, Chomolungma, Mount Everest. Karte 1:25.000. Deutscher Alpenverein, Oesterr. Alpenverein, DFG. Begleitworte zur Karte erschienen: In: Hagen, T., Dyhrenfurth, G.O., Fuerer-Haimendorf, C.v., Schneider, E., 1959: Mount Everest. Zuerich.
SCHNEIDER, E. (1967): Begleitworte zur Karte Khumbu Himal I. In: Hellmich, W. (ed.): Khumbu Himal, Ergebn. Forsch.-Unterneh- mens Nepal Himalaya, Bd. 1; Berlin.
SCHNEIDER, E. (1974): Die Karten Shorong/Hinku und Dudh Kosi des Nepal-Ost-Kartenwerkes. In: Khumbu Himal, Ergebn. Forsch.-Unternehmen Nepal Himalaya, Bd. 7, Lieferung 4: 159-186. Innsbruck, Muenchen.
SCHNEIDER, E. (1983): Begleitworte zur Karte der Gletschersturzmure vom 10. Januar 1962. In: Die Berg- und Gletscherstuerze vom Huascar n, Cordillera Blanca, Perú. (Hochgebirgsforschung, Heft 6.) Innsbruck.
SCHOLZ, H. (1989): Neue und wenig bekannte Festuca-Arten und -Unterarten (Gramineae) aus Nepal (Zentraler Himalaya). In: Willdenowia 18: 431-434.
SCHRADER, H. (1988): Trading patterns in the Nepal Himalayas. (Bielefelder Studien zur Entwicklungssoziologie, Bd. 39.) Saarbruecken, Fort Lauderdale.
SCHUH, D. (1992): The political organisation of southern Mustang during the 17th and 18th centuries. In: Koelver, B. (ed.): Aspects of Nepalese traditions (Publications of the Nepal Research Centre, No. 19): 235-242. Stuttgart (Steiner).
SCHULZ, O.E. (1927): Beitraege zur Kenntnis der Cruciferen des nordwestlichen Himalaya Gebirges. In: Notizbl. 9: 1057-1095.
SCHULZ, O.E. (1933): Seltene Cruciferen aus Kashmir. In: Fedde, Repert. 31: 330-334.
SCHUSTER, R.M. (1972): Continental movements, "Wallace's line" and Indomalayan-Australasian dispersal of land plants: some eclectic concepts. In: Bot. Rev. 38 (1): 3-86.
SCHWEINFURTH, U. (1956): Ueber klimatische Trockentaeler im Himalaya. In: Erdkunde 10: 297-302.
SCHWEINFURTH, U. (1957): Die horizontale und vertikale Verbreitung der Vegetation im Himalaya. Mit einer mehrfarbigen Vegetationskarte (1:2 Mill. auf 2 Blaettern). (Bonner Geographische Abhandlungen, Heft 20) Bonn.
SCHWEINFURTH, U. (1981): The vegetation map of the Himalayas 1957 - a quarter of a century after. In: Doc. de Cartogr. Ecol. XXIV, 1981: 19-23. Grenoble.
SCHWEINFURTH, U. (1983): Man's impact on vegetation and landscape in the Himalayas. In: Holzner, W. et al. (eds.): Man's impact on vegetation: 297-309. The Hague.
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... top of page: G. Kasperek's literature list - Ecology and vegetation of Nepal


TAN, B.C. (1994): Noteworthy range extensions of some east asiatic moss taxa and a new species of Philippine Barbula, B. zennoskeanna. In: Hikobia 11: 415-421.
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TROLL, C. (1965): Die Karte des Chomolongma-Mount Everest 1:25.000 und die photogrammetrische Hochgebirgs-Kartographie. (Mit 1 farbigen Karte). In: Erdkunde 19: 103-111. Bonn.
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TROLL, C. (1972): The three-dimensional zonation of the Himalaya system. In: Geoecology of the high mountain regions of Eurasia (Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung 4): 264-275. Wiesbaden (Steiner).
TROLL, C. (1973): Rasenabschaelung (turf exfoliation) als periglaziales Phaenomen der subpolaren Zonen und der Hochgebirge. In: Z. Geomorphol., N.F., Suppl. 17: 1-32.
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ZAFAR, R., SIDDIQUE, M.A.A., SAPRU, B.L. & KACHROO, P. (1986): Studies in weeds of rabi crops of Kashmir valley. In: Indian J. Weed Sci. 17: 1-13.
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